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ideas behind openings

Counter-Attacking in Sicilian Defense: Scheveningen Setup E-mail
Written by WGM Raluca Sgîrcea, IM Renier Castellanos   
Sunday, 24 May 2015 20:21

sicilianThe Sicilian defense is probably the most dynamic response against 1.e4. The philosophy of this opening is not just to achieve a position with equal chances, but to fight for the initiative from the very start of the game. In this article, we are going to examine the positions arising from the sharp Najdorf/ Scheveningen variations, (they can also arise from the Taimanov/Kan variations as well).

chess 1

The structures with the small center e6-d6 always tend to offer black great chances of counter attack in the center, either with the advance e6-e5 or d6-d5 and sometimes even both, one after another.

A less known rupture that black should always keep in mind is the advance f7- f5. It is an important resource in order to strike white's center and stop his attack.

The players with less experience in the Sicilian, those who are beginning to play the line, very often have problems in finding the right moment to play such moves. This can happen for many different reasons, but we have tried to make a list, in order to to see it more clearly:

  1. No sense of danger – In the Scheveningen setups, black is often under pressure. He must be on permanent alert and not be afraid of taking risks. Active defense! Keep in mind that attack is often the best defense.
  2. Wrong evaluations of the position – We have noticed that sometimes a player is too concerned about losing a pawn or two when opening up the position. That's what it is about! Material doesn't play an important role when it comes to counterplay, so do not hesitate to sacrifice a couple of pawns if, in the end, your opponent's king will be exposed.
  3. Flank attacks are often met with a counter attack in the center – This is a golden rule, must not be forgotten

Note: In order to improve your play not only you need to study the openings but also you need to concentrate on positional understanding and endgame play. If you want to learn how to play common endgames well, I suggest you checking out our premium training course where we spend a lot of time drilling most often occurring chess endings so that you will not have to guess on the winning approach, but simply would know how to win these positions.

These things can be learned by going through hundreds of games and examining the most common patterns in the position. We have selected a number of examples to help you get started mastering your sense for counterplay.

Example number one, blowing up the center with e5+d5:

chess 2

We have a typical position of the Scheveningen variation. White has just played the move 20.f4-f5 and has some serious threats on the kingside. Is it possible that black can excute a counter attack and take over the initiative? You have guessed right! Black responded with 20...e5! 21.Nb3 d5! And suddenly, it is white who is in big trouble.

Example number two:

chess 3

The situation here is very different from the previous example. White has full control over the center and it looks like black can’t push either of the desired ruptures. However, the third resource rupture is available here. Black went 19...f5! and obtained a good game, he went on to win later on.

Example number three:

chess 4

Here we have a position in which white has just advanced g3-g4, gaining space on the kingside. This is a typical method of attack. Of course, black can reply in many ways, for example h6 preventing g5 should be alright. However, he has a more energetic way to react and puts white's move in doubt. Kasparov played the move 13...d5! Sacrificing a pawn and taking over the initiative, he went on to win fairly quickly. This game is an example of the 3rd rule of our list mentioned earlier.

There are many other wonderful examples of counter attack in the Sicilian. With the examples explained above we hope to help you understand the importance of executing the central ruptures at the right moment in this type of positions. Very often, these moves have a decisive effect on the game. Also, you should beware of them if playing on the opposite side. Before going for an attack, we must make sure our opponent does not have a counter attacking rupture in the center.


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About the Authors:

Raluca Sgîrcea

WGM Raluca Sgîrcea is an active chess player and teaching chess for over two years.  European champion U10, winner of several Romanian national championship medals, Woman International Master title since 2011. One Woman Grandmaster norm. Highest FIDE rating 2302.

Renier Castellanos

IM Renier Castellanos is an active chess player and trainer for over 10 years, have worked for Chessbase and done live commentary on several major events, winner of many international tournaments. One Grandmaster norm. Highest FIDE rating 2529.

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Last Updated on Monday, 25 May 2015 09:50

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