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ideas behind openings

Winning with French Defence: 3...h6!? E-mail
Written by WGM Raluca Sgîrcea, IM Renier Castellanos   
Sunday, 14 June 2015 00:00

french defenseThe French defense is a very popular answer against 1.e4 among chess players of all levels. We have mentioned it several times before in our previous articles, as one of the few opening choices that gives black the chance to fight for the game from the very start.

Many chess players like to use the French and face the lines in which white plays 3.Nc3 and 3.e5, but against 3.Nd2 they struggle to find dynamic positions and therefore create problems for white. Besides the main moves 3...Nf6, 3...c5 and 3...Be7 against the Tarrasch, black has another very interesting possibility that we will discuss in this article. The move we would like to drag your attention to is the move 3...h6!?

The popularity of this move has been increasing over the recent years and even a few GMs employ it regularly. What's the idea of this move?

It's a waiting move, but it's a lot more flexible than 3...Be7, for example. Black wants to expand on the king side by playing g7-g5 (in case white plays with Ngf3), but for the moment he waits and will react accordingly to white's choice of development.

Among the Grandmasters who have employed the move 3...h6 against this line we can find very well known players like Hikaru Nakamura, Nigel Short, Lazaro Bruzon, Matthew Sadler and many others.

For those who like to look at statistics, black scores fairly well in this line, about 50%. It’s not necessarily a very useful fact, but it’s always nice to know.

Note: In order to improve your play not only you need to study the openings but also you need to concentrate on positional understanding and endgame play.

If you want to learn how to play common endgames well, I suggest you checking out our premium training course where we spend a lot of time drilling most often occurring chess endings so that you will not have to guess on the winning approach, but simply would know how to win these positions:

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After 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d4 3.Nd2 h6!?


White has a wide range of possibilities to choose from.

He can continue his development with:

A) 4.Ngf3

This move will often lead to a very sharp battle. It's the move black wants his opponent to play and it's probably the most critical continuation. He should respond with 4...Nf6! This leads to a very double edged position. See the following game:

B) 4.Bd3

Black should not worry too much about this move. It’s an attempt to keep things quiet, but in fact, allows black to develop without much difficulty. Black should reply with 4...c5!, with an easy game, as demonstrated by Nigel Short in his victory against another top English GM Michael Adams, who also happens to be one of the main specialists on 3.Nd2.

C) Other moves for white

Finally, we will have a look at other moves like 4.c3 / 4.exd5. Those moves do not create any significant problems for black. If you have acknowledged the ideas presented in A) and B) you will definitely not experience any problem meeting either 4.c4 or 4.exd5. We will examine these moves in the next game, played between Womacka and Eingorn.

As a conclusion we can say that the move 3...h6 is very interesting, to say the least. As a practical choice it meets all the requirements when looking to fight for the full point as black:

  • avoids the main theory;
  • there is a clear cut plan;
  • black obtains an active play;
  • doesn’t lead to any drawing positions.

We hope you have enjoyed this article and you will add this sneaky variation into your opening repertoire.

Note: Openings are no doubt a very important part of chess. If you want to improve your general chess level simply studying openings is not enough. If you aim for a dramatic improvement at chess you need to work on all of the elements of chess:

  • tactics
  • positional play
  • attacking skills
  • endgame technique
  • classical games analysis
  • psychological preparation
  • and much more

That seems to be like a lot of things, and that is. But no worries, we have made it easy for you. Our comprehensive training course covers it all and much more. Sign up for 21 Day Training right now!

About the Authors:

Raluca Sgîrcea

WGM Raluca Sgîrcea is an active chess player and teaching chess for over two years.  European champion U10, winner of several Romanian national championship medals, Woman International Master title since 2011. One Woman Grandmaster norm. Highest FIDE rating 2302.

Renier Castellanos

IM Renier Castellanos is an active chess player and trainer for over 10 years, have worked for Chessbase and done live commentary on several major events, winner of many international tournaments. One Grandmaster norm. Highest FIDE rating 2529.

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Last Updated on Sunday, 14 June 2015 11:33

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