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ideas behind openings

Openings for White: Keeping an Edge Against the Modern 1...g6 E-mail
Written by WGM Raluca Sgîrcea, IM Renier Castellanos   
Monday, 18 April 2016 00:00

modernNowadays, when the flow of information is open for everyone and theory is so deeply developed in the most popular openings, the move 1...g6 as response to 1.e4 has become trendier. The main reason is “to avoid” theory and get the first player into a complicated position where he is forced to thinking by himself.

Most supporters of 1...g6 don't have a fixed plan behind their fianchetto; they most likely will wait to see what white does and then react accordingly.

Sometimes they will use the a6-b5 setup, other times they will try c6-b5 or they could just play with d6-Nf6, entering in pure Pirc territory. This whole strategy in the modern is nothing new. The great patriarch of chess Mikhail Botvinnik was quite successful with the move 1...g6. This wasn’t necessarily because he obtained good positions out of the opening, but mostly because he was better than his opponents in the middlegame. So with this we resume what black wants with 1...g6:

  • Confuse inexperienced players
  • Avoid opening preparation
  • Reach unexplored positions
  • Get dynamic positions in order to take over the initiative

In this article we will recommend an easy to understand setup which is only possible against 1...g6, based on Nf3 – Bc4 – Qe2.


This development is rather easy to play. White develops in a natural way and defends his center comfortably. The system was employed by Euwe and Alekhine back in the day, but Mikhail Tal also played it a few times with great success: 6 wins and 0 defeats. Even Kramnik who is not a 1.e4 player has employed this system in blitz games with wins against Caruana, Ponomariov and Radjabov.

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Although it was only in blitz, his preference for this system leaves no doubt of its value. Other notable Grandmasters to employ the line a few times are Mark Hebden (with an impressive score!), Robert Ruck, Goran Dizdar, Francisco Vallejo and Mihail Kobalia. Curiously enough some of these players usually start by 1.Nf3 but when meeting 1...g6 quickly get into 2.e4/d4.

Key points and ideas of the system:

  • By not developing his knight to c3, white makes black's counterplay on the queenside much less effective, as there is no knight to harass on c3;
  • Without the white knight on c3 it is easy for white to strenghten his center by playing c2-c3;
  • One of white's main plans is to advance e4-e5, gaining space and “killing” the powerful bishop on g7;
  • The queen on e2 gives white flexibility, while the f1 rook can later be played to d1 or e1 depending on the needs of the position.

Now let's have a look at the Bc4-Qe2 in action played by top Grandmasters. We have decided to include Kramnik's blitz games in our selection. Given the quality of the players, the games should be studied seriously, despite the short time control.

In Kramnik – Ponomariov we see white's play for the space advantage. Although he lost his light squared bishop, Kramnik managed to bury the g7 bishop and finished the game with a fantastic attack using a rook lift (See our previous article on rook lifts to learn more on this subject).

In Vallejo-Efimenko we see one of black's most standard reactions, a double fianchetto and developing the knights to e7 / d7. This is usually known as the “hippopotamus” setup. It is very solid, but white's space advantage guarantees an edge.

The last game of our selection is Ruck-Jovanovic. This clash between these two Grandmasters shows that black experiences some problems if he plays for the e7-e5 advance. White trades on e5, obtaining a sort of an Italian opening setup in which black is rather passive.

Of course there are many ways to play for black and it is impossible to cover them all. We have mentioned the Grandmasters who employ this line in order to guide our readers to a deeper study. We hope that the games exposed above will serve you as a guide and hopefully the line will prove useful any given day.

If you want to improve your chess level, you need to have a clear study plan. If you aim for a dramatic improvement at chess you need to work on all of the elements of the game in a systematic way:

  • tactics
  • positional play
  • attacking skills
  • endgame technique
  • classical games analysis
  • psychological preparation
  • and much more

That seems to be like a lot of things, and that is. But no worries, we have made it easy for you. Our comprehensive training course covers it all and much more. Sign up for 21 Day Training right now!

About the Authors:

Raluca Sgîrcea

WGM Raluca Sgîrcea is an active chess player and teaching chess for over two years.  European champion U10, winner of several Romanian national championship medals, Woman International Master title since 2011. One Woman Grandmaster norm. Highest FIDE rating 2302.

Renier Castellanos

IM Renier Castellanos is an active chess player and trainer for over 10 years, have worked for Chessbase and done live commentary on several major events, winner of many international tournaments. One Grandmaster norm. Highest FIDE rating 2529.

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Last Updated on Monday, 18 April 2016 08:45

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