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Italian Game E-mail
Written by Yury Markushin   
Sunday, 20 December 2009 19:46

Italian opening is one of the oldest chess openings. It was analyzed by the greatest Italian masters in XVI century. The main idea for white is formation of ideal pawn center by playing c2-c3 and pushing d2-d4.
Black has a weak f7 square, which white using as a target for its attacks. However, black found very effective way to fight against these threats.

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bc4


The main variations are:

Until the 19th century the main line of the Italian Game. Dubbed the Giuoco Piano ("Quiet Game") in contra-distinction to the more aggressive lines then being developed, this continues 4.d3, the positional Giuoco Pianissimo ("Very Quiet Game"), or the main line 4.c3 (the original Giuoco Piano) leading to positions first analyzed by Greco in the 17th Century, and re-vitalized at the turn of the 20th by the Moller Attack.
This variation also contains the aggressive Evans Gambit (4.b4), and the Jerome Gambit (4.Bxf7+), both 19th Century attempts to open up the game.
Leading to the more aggressive Two Knights Defense; again, this is more in the nature of a counter-attack, and some (eg Chigorin) have proposed it be re-named so. The Two Knights Defence contains the knife-edged Traxler/Wilkes-Barre Variation, the aggressive Fegatello (or Fried Liver) Attack, and the complex Max Lange Attack.
Leading to the Hungarian Defence, a solid, drawish game which is often chosen in tournament play to avoid the complexities and risks of the other lines.
The Paris Defence, another solid positional line; this was popular in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, but hardly seen now.

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Last Updated on Saturday, 14 January 2017 18:59


0 #6 Jolien 2015-09-13 09:30
This short, clearly structured and systematic presentation of the Italian game is excellent for me as an opening theory newbie and more helpful than how it is written in my chess book.
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+5 #5 Daniel 2012-03-21 03:11
Actually this was pretty straightforward , and really informative. Good stuff.
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+3 #4 Yury 2011-07-07 21:30
Hmm? There is an animated variation above :-* Maybe you mean it need to be longer ?
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0 #3 Quan 2011-07-07 08:53
I think animated variations will help.
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+2 #2 Yury 2011-05-07 20:39
What part can't you understand?
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+1 #1 steve 2011-05-03 03:41
i cant understand it seriously !!!!!!!!!!
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