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|Thinking Like a Chess Master|
|Written by WGM Raluca Sgîrcea, IM Renier Castellanos|
|Saturday, 23 July 2016 23:45|
Club players and beginners have raised their level if we compare to 20 years ago, when the flow of information was not available for everyone. The tactical level of players rated around 1900 it is not much different from players rated 2200.
This does not mean that it is the same strength, it just means that the chances they can find the same winning move if given the chance are quite similar. The same can be said about opening knowledge, the strength of the so-called amateur players has risen considerably in the opening and nowadays almost everyone can get acceptable positions out of the opening. However, the hardest part of the game to improve for beginners is often the positional one.
To evaluate better in order to make better decisions and foresee the opponent’s plans are two things quite difficult to learn and train. In this article we will have a look at some recent examples from my own practice in which my opponents did not care much for their bishop pair, allowing me to capture them and obtain a static advantage.
Before moving to the examples, we should define what a static advantage is. Static means something that cannot be changed; for example the bishop pair, a better pawn structure or a chronic weakness in your opponent’s territory. Those are common static elements.
Not everything is dynamics and tactics and when a master sees the opportunity to deprive his opponent of the two bishops he will do so.
Let’s have a look at the examples below: (For privacy reasons, the names of my opponents will not be revealed)
White to move
Black has emerged at least equal out of the opening and certainly white’s position does not look too menacing for black. However, with all the pieces on the board there should be a tense battle ahead. What should white do? There is no active plan, there is no rupture and no way to activate or improve the pieces. One possible idea is to play Na2-Nb4. The knight would stand great on this square, as it would be defending c2 and have some influence on the queenside and the center.
Ready to start systematic training that actually works?
In every position it is always useful to ask yourself: What does my opponent want? The bishop on f4 is in jeopardy after Ne5-Ng6, since Bg5 is met with h6 and Be3 would be met with Ng4.
Therefore, I would suggest 17.h3 in this position with a slightly worse, but playable position. My opponent played 17.Rfe1? and after 17…Ng6! gaining the bishop pair his position worsened significantly. See how the game ended here:
NN – Castellanos
In the diagram above black has just played 13…Rc8 with some pressure on the C file. What are the candidate moves for white? Let’s evaluate this interesting position: black’s pieces are well developed, his pawn structure is better, since white’s e5 pawn can become a target and f3 is weak. On the other hand, white has already castled and is ready to start active actions.
So what type of moves should white seek for? With a permanent weak pawn structure, he should try to revert the situation as soon as possible and he can do so by employing active moves.
Therefore, 14.Nd6+ becomes the main move to consider. After the forced captures on d6 the bishop on d4 is opened and g7 falls, so white would regain the material. The evaluation in that case changes drastically: black’s pawn structure would also be weak on the king-side and he’d be lacking the dark squared bishop.
So the situation would be in white’s favor. Instead, my opponent did not realize he was at a crucial moment in the game and played the natural developing move 14.Bd3? which leads to a worse position after 14…Nb4! 15.Kb1 Bd5 16.a3 Nxd3 17.Qxd3 and now Qc4!
A clear example of how, after having gained the bishop pair and knowing that he is better in all possible endgames, black forces the trade of queens in order to deprive his opponent of any attacking idea.
Black won later on, see here:
NN2 - Castellanos
In the following game I applied an interesting idea against my opponent’s rather solid opening:
1.d4 Nf6 2.c3
A rather unusual move order, but my opponent always played like this, followed by 3.Bg5 and 4.e3. I thought of a way to obtain the bishop pair and unbalance the game, so I played:
2…d6 3.Bg5 Nbd7 4.e3. Everything went as expected so far and now I played:
4…h6 5.Bh4 g5 6.Bg3 Ne4! black manages to obtain the bishop pair. It is true that his king-side has been weakened a little, but from now on, if the position is opened, black will always have the better side. See the full game here:
NN3 - Castellanos
The bishop pair is, in most scenarios, a very valuable static advantage which offers certain positional safety to the side who owns it. Therefore, you should always keep in mind the idea of preserving your own bishops and depriving your opponent from them. Of course, everything depends on each position, so don’t take it as a dogma.
If you want to improve your chess level, you need to have a clear study plan. If you aim for a dramatic improvement at chess you need to work on all of the elements of the game in a systematic way:
That seems to be like a lot of things, and that is. But no worries, we have made it easy for you. Our comprehensive training course covers it all and much more. Sign up for 21 Day Training right now!
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|Last Updated on Sunday, 24 July 2016 09:58|