Rook and Bishop vs. Rook Endgame

Rook and Bishop vs. Rook Endgame

Rook and Bishop: It is well known that endgames are a key element for chess improvement in general. However, there are several reasons why we don’t give it the attention they deserve.

The main one is that most players spend their time and effort working on opening preparation in order to obtain a good position in the opening/middlegame.

If the middlegame is good, then probably the endgame will be good too and therefore, easy to play. While this approach works in practice up to a certain level, knowing a good share of endgames is a must for any player who wants to improve his chess strength seriously.

Where to begin?

Analyzing your own games is a good start. Take endgames from your own practical experience and start your research to learn the truth about them. Learning this way is more fun and also it will be easier to remember each endgame in the future. Endgames are not only important to win games but to save yourself from difficult situations.

For example, if you’re under pressure in the middlegame but you can liquidate the game into an endgame in which you’re down material but have drawing chances, of course, you should do it. However, if you don’t know the endgame, you wouldn’t do it because you’d think you will lose anyway. That’s why it is important to know as many different endgames as you can.

Rook and Bishop: Carlstedt – Castellanos

In one of my recent games, I reached a similar situation. I was under pressure in the opening, then after a mistake by my opponent I managed to obtain an equal position in the middlegame but then again, I voluntarily went into a difficult endgame.

See the next diagram:

Rook and Bishop

White’s passed pawn is a huge threat and black has two choices: he can either go back with his bishop to a6 or he can play Bxg2 followed by Rxa5.

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I considered both but in the end, made the wrong decision 1…Ba6?! and after 2.Ra1 followed by Be2 white was comfortably winning the endgame. But what would have happened in case of 1…Bxg2? It’s hard to be certain about this endgame, but after some research, I’m more inclined to say that it’s more a draw than a win for white. See the next diagram:

Carlstedt - Castellanos

Black has two pawns for the piece and a healthy pawn structure. Winning this as white should be an extremely difficult task, if possible at all.

Suba – Gurevich

This analysis led me to research a similar endgame, in which one side has an extra piece but the other has a pawn for it and a solid pawn structure. See the next example:

Rook and Bishop

This is a technical win for white. However, it is not simple at all. White has to force black into a passive position by attacking f7 and then bringing his king closer. As long as white keeps a pawn on the board, he retains all his winning chances. See the details in the game below:

Hansen, C –Kasparov, G

Hansen, C -Kasparov, G

We have decided to take this endgame here when black still has his knight, in order to see what made Kasparov give it away. Black is down a pawn and is virtually lost. Moving the knight means that white eventually will play a4-a5 and with the bishop on g2 that A pawn is impossible to stop. Therefore Kasparov played 1…Rxa2! which leads to material loss after 2.Bd5 Rxf2+ 3.Kg1 but white was not able to convert his advantage. Still, the endgame is winning with precise play.

Rook and Bishop: Jussupow – Boensch

Our last example shows the perfect plan for white in order to win this endgame and this is what you must remember.

Rook and Bishop

  • Attack f7 in order to make the black rook passive;
  • Bring the king closer to black’s pawns;
  • Fix the black pawns advancing your own pawns;
  • Sacrifice your material advantage in exchange for winning kings and pawns endgame.

With this, we conclude this survey on this particular endgame. We hope you have learned something valuable that will serve you one day in your own games.

If you want to improve your chess level, you need to have a clear study plan. If you aim for a dramatic improvement at chess you need to work on all of the elements of the game in a systematic way:

  • tactics
  • positional play
  • attacking skills
  • endgame technique
  • classical games analysis
  • psychological preparation
  • and much more

That seems to be like a lot of things, and that is. But no worries, we have made it easy for you. Our comprehensive training course covers it all and much more. Sign up for 21 Day Training right now!

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Updated 12.16.2023