Chess is a difficult game to explain for beginners/club players. The complexity of the game lies in the fact that there exists a set of rules that help you reach the ultimate goal, but there are also dynamic factors which are difficult to control. During the game, we must pay attention to all of them and try to evaluate, consider and calculate which elements have most impact on the position in question before making our move.
Even after many years of activity, most professionals are still impressed when reading again the basic positional concepts they learned a long time ago. These concepts only get clearer with experience and, as Korchnoi once said, “You don’t learn chess, you understand chess”.
In this article we are going to give our readers who are trying to improve their play some piece of advice in order to play better in the middle game. These tips are not about playing a specific opening or following certain theoretical path; it’s rather an approach to remember when you are playing.
Here are 5 aspects we consider to be most important in the middlegame:
Trading pieces is one of the key elements in the chess battle. By means of exchanges we achieve our goals – the control of a square, transformation of the pawn structure, control of an open file and so on.
Exchanges should be made when you achieve a set goal according to the demands of the position. This could be: gaining tempi, eliminating your opponent’s active pieces, creating weaknesses in your opponent’s territory and so on. Obviously, we should avoid trades if these elements are against you. For example, avoid a trade that improves one of your opponent’s pieces or a trade that opens a file for his rook.
In the following diagram, you can see a practical example of how white exchanged a bishop for a knight in order to obtain full control of a square:
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Be especially careful with the pawn moves, as they should be considered in great detail almost on every occasion. The reason is that every pawn move you make could mean a weakening of a square or, in some cases, an important loss of time.
In our opinion, pawns moves (if not forced) should be done when the pieces are placed in optimal squares and can’t be improved.See the diagram below for another example in which we can see the transformation of the pawn structure through exchanges as well as the creation of weaknesses in the opponent’s position.
The Bishop Pair
Chase the enemy’s bishops. Gain the bishop pair and preserve it. The two bishops have a great potential in the middle game/ endgame when the pawn structure is flexible or when there are pawns on both flanks. In most cases, though not always of course, the two bishops will be a lasting advantage. Obviously the same advice can be read in reverse, protect your bishops, don’t trade them unnecessarily.
Keep your pieces coordinated and never overestimate your chances when you’re poorly developed. Very often beginners start attacking in situations where the position demands a different treatment. In my own practical experience this is one of the most common mistakes club players commit during the game. The premature start of active actions tends to backfire in most cases. See the next example:
Another aspect we think amateurs fail to apply during the games is that reducing your opponent’s counter-play or interfering with his plans in the middle-game is just as important as achieving your own targets.
At the time of realizing a positional or material advantage it is worth remembering that the shortest road to victory is usually not also the best. It doesn’t matter if it takes more moves to finish the job, we advise you to look into your opponent’s active options and prevent them before carrying on with your idea.
This sums our main advices to beginners. They should not be taken as unbreakable rules, but more as guidelines that have to be supported by logical, well calculated moves.
Don’t forget that chess is also a concrete game; check mate beats better pawn structure! So beware of what’s happening on the board. We hope you find these insights useful and feel free to comment with any questions or doubts you may have.
If you want to improve your chess level, you need to have a clear study plan. If you aim for a dramatic improvement at chess you need to work on all of the elements of the game in a systematic way:
That seems to be like a lot of things, and that is. But no worries, we have made it easy for you. Our comprehensive training course covers it all and much more. Sign up for 21 Day Training right now!