A lot of players wonder, what are the main differences between an ordinary player and a chess master? Is that the fact that masters can calculate many more moves ahead and instantly find 5 move tactics? Or it has to do with experience, intuition and luck? Or there is something else involved? The truth is there are quite a few things that are important… Let focus on it closely.
One of the most important differences between chess master and a regular chess player is ability to plan the game. Most chess players think one or two moves ahead. Stronger players make a plan without actually calculating the moves. They plan attacks, certain maneuvers, castling, pawn structure changes, etc.
The plan is generally formulated by taking into account certain positional aspects such as space, development, pawn structure, safety of the kings, and so on. Only after the plan is made, a master player would start calculating how it can be realized. Choosing a correct plan is very important, and attributes to a great deal of success in the game.
It is known that to become a chess master you need to spend approximately 10,000 hours on chess. It may take much less time if you are a very talented player (aka Karjakin or Carlsen). But generally it takes about 3-4 years to reach that level of play with some serious training.
When one reaches Master level, he stops seeing pawns and pieces as separate entities. Masters see the board as a whole, paying specific attention to most important elements. That helps tremendously simplify thinking process, because there is no need to calculate everything, only the so-called “hot-spots”.
You may think of it as the heat map. You only need to calculate the red areas and not the blue ones. For an ordinary player, it is rather unclear what to pay specific attention to. That’s why they are far less efficient over the board, and need to exert much greater effort to accomplish the same amount of work.
Continuing the previous point, a Master Player knows exactly what variations to calculate. He has a well-developed intuition which tells him where to search for the most promising moves. He just needs to deep-calculate (this will help you to learn how) one or two lines, instead of five like an amateur would attempt to do. Needless to say, that approach saves a lot of time and mental energy, allowing focusing only on the most important tasks.
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Master level players don’t make random moves. All the moves are part of a plan. If there is no clear plan exists, a master player would try to improve his position as much as possible before attempting an attack or a break through. The “improvement process” involves relocating pieces to optimal squares, defending the weaknesses, insuring safety of the king, and playing possible prophylactic moves.
After preparation is done a master player would end up with a superior position. He is now ready to launch a devastating attack, or to simply squeeze out the life from his opponent’s position. The quality of preparation and timing is something that separates master level player from the rest of the field.
Another common characteristic of a master player is that he knows when and how to use the clock. He knows exactly when to take a break from making moves and when to start thinking about the continuation.
He can identify the key moments in the position, and realize when making the right decision is especially crucial. Amateur players do not feel when they need to take their time. That’s why they usually spend time uniformly throughout the game. It is not the best approach and oftentimes it leads to a lost game with plenty time left on the clock. Clock management seems to be a minor thing, but only with enough experience we start using time wisely.
It is well known that chess masters know the opening theory 20-25 moves deep. What most players don’t realize is that masters play certain openings because they want to reach a playable Middlegame. Reaching a favorable Middlegame is a primary function of the opening on high level. However, club players play the opening only to develop the pieces and to put king into safety (aka castling). If these goals are accomplished in a timely manner the opening play is considered successful.
Chess masters know how to accumulate small advantages throughout the game and they know precisely when it is time to convert them into a win. Things like doubled pawns, pawn islands, passive pieces, activity of the king, and passed pawns are strong indicators of advantages and disadvantages in chess. Master level player knows what kind of edge he needs to be able to win. Once that edge is obtained he will try his best to exchange extra pieces off the board, and continue into winning endgame.
If you want to improve your chess level, you need to have a clear study plan. If you aim for a dramatic improvement at chess you need to work on all of the elements of the game in a systematic way:
That seems to be like a lot of things, and that is. But no worries, we have made it easy for you. Our comprehensive training course covers it all and much more. Sign up for 21 Day Training right now!