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The English derives its name from the English (unofficial) World Champion, Howard Staunton (1843). The English has caught on in the twentieth century and is now recognized as a solid opening that may be used to reach both classical and hypermodern positions. Although many lines of the English have a distinct character, the opening is often used as a transpositional device in much the same way as 1.Nf3 – to avoid such highly regarded responses to 1.d4 as the Nimzo-Indian and Grunfeld defences – and it’s considered reliable and flexible.