Characterized by the moves: 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 d6 Named after the famous 18th-century player François-André Danican Philidor, who advocated it as an alternative to the common 2…Nc6. His original idea was to challenge White’s centre by the pawn thrust f7–f5. Today, the Philidor is known as a solid but passive choice for Black.