Which minor piece is better, the bishop or the knight? This is an endless debate; from a very early age, we tend to choose our favorite, choice that’s not necessarily based on facts, but rather on feelings. Our preference may change with the years and we may even play better with one than the other, but what’s important to understand is that things are never either black or white. In this case, they are rather grey.
There is no clear recipe and we cannot say that one is always better than the other. Rather than that, we have to pay attention to the details on the board. Each can be superior to the other; it all depends on what’s going on on the board. Here are a few guidelines that can help you assess this correctly:
In this article, we are going to take a look at some rook and minor pieces endgames where the bishop is superior to the knight and see the ideas Grandmasters use in order to make the most of this advantage.
For this, we have chosen the following position that appeared in the game between Artur Jussupow and Vishwanathan Anand played in the famous Linares tournament:
Jussupow, A – Anand, V, Linares 1992
White to play
The diagrammed position is objectively equal and black has just offered the trade of rooks. If white accepts it, the game will probably be an easy draw, as black will centralize his king and eventually improve the position of his knight. With the rooks still on the board, black should also be able to make a draw, but things should be slightly more difficult for him. There are two reasons for that:
Taking this into consideration, it is now easy to come up with a good plan for white. The first move is, of course, Rc1! The idea is to get to c6 and attack the weakness on a6. If black defends it passively with the rook, then the king can come into play and decide the game. If the pawn advances, then the bishop will have a clear target too. Of course, all the action will be supported by the white monarch.
See how white put this into practice below: